Triangular face, dark mask, tall ears, and hypnotic, slanting blue eyes. These are the striking features of the well-known Siamese Cat. The Siamese is the most recognised of all cat breeds. It must be said early on that there is much more to this cat than just its elegant good looks.
The Siamese is a complex, intelligent, and graceful cat that will offer beautiful companionship for life. If you want or are looking for a Siamese, be sure to choose carefully. Finding the right Siamese is a bit like finding the right car or the right online bingo site, it requires patience. Patience will allow you to find the one best for you, but once you find 'the one' you'll have a long-happy friendship with a beautiful cat.
Care: Brush daily to remove dead hairs.
The Siamese is one of the oldest breeds of pedigree cat, and over the years many stories have been told about it, for the most part romantic fables, but perhaps there is an element of truth in some of them. Certainly, they add to the charm of this most exotic oriental and somewhat inscrutable breed….
Character and Temperament
Siamese are typical of the Oriental group of cats and, like their near relations the Burmese, are a vocal breed with outgoing personalities. They are the kind of cat that you either adore or hate. They can be noisy and demanding and have a real need top be part of the family. To aficionados, these are the plus points and they would not wish for the Siamese to be any other way. A Siamese does not like to be left on its own, so for anybody who is out at work all day, and only wants one cat; this is not the breed to select. If you want a cat that will give you life-long devotion, then the Siamese is for you!
Type and Standard of Points.
Regardless of coat colour, the type of the cat should be the same, although standards do vary a little between those required in the UK by the GCCF and those of the various American cat fancies. (also note that the Oriental is a Siamese showing full body colour not hiding its colour under a white oat and in all aspects are further fully the same.)
In general, the Siamese should be a medium-sized cat; long, slim, lithe and elegant, but with a definite muscular feel to it. Despite its fine bone structure (compared with the more heavily built British Shorthairs) it should be sturdy and feel much heavier than it appears. At the other end of the scale, it should never be obviously overweight to the point that it feels flabby, although some neuters can be prone to fat and a careful watch should be kept on their diet.
Looking at the cat face-on, the head should give the appearance of a triangle topped by large, low-set, wide-spaced ears, tapering down to a pointed muzzle.
In profile, the nose should be straight without any sign of a break or stop. The jaw should be firm without being either under- over-shot. The eyes should be almond-shaped with the typical Oriental slant giving that inscrutable expression and certainly without any trace of a squint. Whatever the coat colour, the eyes should always be of deepest sapphire-blue. The tail should be long, slender and tapering to a whip-like end; an kink or malformation is considered a serious fault. The tail should always be in proportion to the length of the cat – a rough guideline is that it should just reach the tip of the shoulder blade.
The quality, texture and the restrictive pattern of coat are what make the Siamese different from other shorthaired varieties. The coat should be short, sleek and fine-textured, with the fur lying close to the body. The colored points should only be seen on the mask area of the face, the ears, legs and tail. It is considered a fault for the cat to be mis-marked with lighter colors in these areas, especially around the eyes; these are commonly called ‘spectacles’. Conversely, darker shading is frowned upon on the otherwise paler parts of the body.
The Siamese coat pattern is restricted to the cooler parts of the body and so, if a cat has had an operation such as spaying it is quite likely that the post-operational shock will cause the coat to temporarily darken in that area. For the same reason, Siamese living in warmer climates tend to have paler coats than those living in cooler regions. The pointed areas should always show a uniform colour with no barring or stripes, except in the case of Tabby-points, where rings or stripes are required, and the Torties, which should show a well mingled coat (only in points).
Character: Extremely people oriented and trusting. They show a deep dependence on their human friends and can become distressed or depressed if left alone too often. They usually bond with one preferred person. Expect them to be at your side, in your lap, and at the door interrogating you about where you’ve been.
Care: Oriental shorthairs need very little grooming. Their coats are very short and close lying with no noticeable undercoat. Oriental longhairs need a bit more grooming, but not as much as some longhaired breeds.
The Oriental may well be the most colorful cat breed on the planet. This breed has the same svelte chassis, silky fur and chatty personality as the Siamese, but comes clothed in myriad colors. Nor is the Oriental bound to the Siamese’s point-restricted pattern - the breed has many patterns from which to choose. This breed is growing in popularity and appeals to the cat-lover who wants the elegant Siamese body type and outgoing temperament but with fresh, colorful packaging. Appearance
The body of the show Oriental is long, lithe and muscular with sleek tapering lines, long, slim legs, and dainty, oval paws. The head is a long tapering wedge with very large pointed ears and almond-shaped eyes. (see Siamese Breed Profile) While Orientals might look like the cat fancy equivalent of today’s supermodel, they are not starved to keep their shapely forms, nor are they fragile. Pick one up; they are surprisingly heavy cats.
The Oriental is accepted in more than 300 color and pattern combinations. Some colors are more common than others, of course; solid ebony is a popular and striking color. Solid white, chestnut and blue, and tabbies in ebony, blue and red are also favored. In the Cat Fanciers’ Association (CFA), green is the accepted eye color, except for white and bicolor Orientals that may have blue eyes, or one blue and one green eye. Other associations accept additional eye colors.
The Oriental shorthair has short, glossy, fine hair. The Oriental longhair has a medium length coat that’s fine and silky. The hair lies close to the body so the fur appears shorter than it really is. Because of the longer hair, the Oriental longhair appears to have softer lines and a less extreme body type than the shorthair.